Installation von Beryl auf einem Ubuntu-Feisty-Fawn-Desktop mit einer ATI-Radeon Grafikkarte

4 Installieren von Beryl

Um Beryl zu installieren, öffnet man /etc/apt/sources.list und fügt die Zeile deb http://ubuntu.beryl-project.org feisty main hinzu:

sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

[...]
deb http://ubuntu.beryl-project.org feisty main
[...]

Nun importiert man den GPG-Schlüssel des Beryl-Projekts und die macht ein Update der Paketdatenbank:

wget http://ubuntu.beryl-project.org/root@lupine.me.uk.gpg -O- | sudo apt-key add –
sudo apt-get update

Nun muss man /etc/X11/xorg.conf erneut editieren:

sudo gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf

man sucht sich die Module -Sektion heraus und muss sichergehen, dass die folgende Zeilen enthält:

        Load "dri"
        Load "dbe"
        Load "glx"

Meine Module -Sektion sah beispielsweise so aus:

Section "Module"
        Load        "i2c"
        Load        "bitmap"
        Load        "ddc"
        Load        "dri"
        Load        "extmod"
        Load        "freetype"
        Load        "glx"
        Load        "int10"
        Load        "vbe"
        Load        "dbe"
EndSection

Mit /etc/X11/xorg.conf ist man jetzt fertig. Nach allen Änderungen sah meine /etc/X11/xorg.conf so aus:

# /etc/X11/xorg.conf (xorg X Window System server configuration file)
#
# This file was generated by dexconf, the Debian X Configuration tool, using
# values from the debconf database.
#
# Edit this file with caution, and see the /etc/X11/xorg.conf manual page.
# (Type "man /etc/X11/xorg.conf" at the shell prompt.)
#
# This file is automatically updated on xserver-xorg package upgrades *only*
# if it has not been modified since the last upgrade of the xserver-xorg
# package.
#
# If you have edited this file but would like it to be automatically updated
# again, run the following command:
#   sudo dpkg-reconfigure -phigh xserver-xorg

Section "Files"
        FontPath        "/usr/share/fonts/X11/misc"
        FontPath        "/usr/share/fonts/X11/cyrillic"
        FontPath        "/usr/share/fonts/X11/100dpi/:unscaled"
        FontPath        "/usr/share/fonts/X11/75dpi/:unscaled"
        FontPath        "/usr/share/fonts/X11/Type1"
        FontPath        "/usr/share/fonts/X11/100dpi"
        FontPath        "/usr/share/fonts/X11/75dpi"
        # path to defoma fonts
        FontPath        "/var/lib/defoma/x-ttcidfont-conf.d/dirs/TrueType"
EndSection

#Section "Module"
#        Load        "i2c"
#        Load        "bitmap"
#        Load        "ddc"
#        Load        "dri"
#        Load        "extmod"
#        Load        "freetype"
#        Load        "glx"
#        Load        "int10"
#        Load        "vbe"
#EndSection

Section "Module"
        Load        "i2c"
        Load        "bitmap"
        Load        "ddc"
        Load        "dri"
        Load        "extmod"
        Load        "freetype"
        Load        "glx"
        Load        "int10"
        Load        "vbe"
        Load        "dbe"
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
        Identifier        "Generic Keyboard"
        Driver                "kbd"
        Option                "CoreKeyboard"
        Option                "XkbRules"        "xorg"
        Option                "XkbModel"        "pc105"
        Option                "XkbLayout"        "de"
        Option                "XkbOptions"        "lv3:ralt_switch"
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
        Identifier        "Configured Mouse"
        Driver                "mouse"
        Option                "CorePointer"
        Option                "Device"                "/dev/input/mice"
        Option                "Protocol"                "ImPS/2"
        Option                "ZAxisMapping"                "4 5"
        Option                "Emulate3Buttons"        "true"
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
        Identifier        "Synaptics Touchpad"
        Driver                "synaptics"
        Option                "SendCoreEvents"        "true"
        Option                "Device"                "/dev/psaux"
        Option                "Protocol"                "auto-dev"
        Option                "HorizScrollDelta"        "0"
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
        Driver                "wacom"
        Identifier        "stylus"
        Option                "Device"        "/dev/wacom"        # Change to
                                                        # /dev/input/event
                                                        # for USB
        Option                "Type"                "stylus"
        Option                "ForceDevice"        "ISDV4"                # Tablet PC ONLY
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
        Driver                "wacom"
        Identifier        "eraser"
        Option                "Device"        "/dev/wacom"        # Change to
                                                        # /dev/input/event
                                                        # for USB
        Option                "Type"                "eraser"
        Option                "ForceDevice"        "ISDV4"                # Tablet PC ONLY
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
        Driver                "wacom"
        Identifier        "cursor"
        Option                "Device"        "/dev/wacom"        # Change to
                                                        # /dev/input/event
                                                        # for USB
        Option                "Type"                "cursor"
        Option                "ForceDevice"        "ISDV4"                # Tablet PC ONLY
EndSection

#Section "Device"
#        Identifier        "ATI Technologies Inc Radeon R250 [Mobility FireGL 9000]"
#        Driver                "ati"
#        BusID                "PCI:1:0:0"
#EndSection

Section "Device"
        Identifier        "ATI Technologies Inc Radeon R250 [Mobility FireGL 9000]"
        Driver                "radeon"
        BusID                "PCI:1:0:0"
        Option          "XAANoOffscreenPixmaps"
        Option "AGPMode" "4"
        Option "AGPFastWrite" "true"
        Option "DisableGLXRootClipping" "true"
        Option "AddARGBGLXVisuals" "true"
        Option "AllowGLXWithComposite" "true"
        Option "EnablePageFlip" "true"
EndSection

Section "Monitor"
        Identifier        "Generic Monitor"
        Option                "DPMS"
EndSection

Section "Screen"
        Identifier        "Default Screen"
        Device                "ATI Technologies Inc Radeon R250 [Mobility FireGL 9000]"
        Monitor                "Generic Monitor"
        DefaultDepth        24
        SubSection "Display"
                Depth                1
                Modes                "1280x800"
        EndSubSection
        SubSection "Display"
                Depth                4
                Modes                "1280x800"
        EndSubSection
        SubSection "Display"
                Depth                8
                Modes                "1280x800"
        EndSubSection
        SubSection "Display"
                Depth                15
                Modes                "1280x800"
        EndSubSection
        SubSection "Display"
                Depth                16
                Modes                "1280x800"
        EndSubSection
        SubSection "Display"
                Depth                24
                Modes                "1280x800"
        EndSubSection
EndSection

#Section "ServerLayout"
#        Identifier        "Default Layout"
#        Screen                "Default Screen"
#        InputDevice        "Generic Keyboard"
#        InputDevice        "Configured Mouse"
#        InputDevice     "stylus"        "SendCoreEvents"
#        InputDevice     "cursor"        "SendCoreEvents"
#        InputDevice     "eraser"        "SendCoreEvents"
#        InputDevice        "Synaptics Touchpad"
#EndSection

Section "ServerLayout"
        Option          "AIGLX"         "true"
        Identifier        "Default Layout"
        Screen                "Default Screen"
        InputDevice        "Generic Keyboard"
        InputDevice        "Configured Mouse"
        InputDevice     "stylus"        "SendCoreEvents"
        InputDevice     "cursor"        "SendCoreEvents"
        InputDevice     "eraser"        "SendCoreEvents"
        InputDevice        "Synaptics Touchpad"
EndSection

Section "DRI"
        Mode        0666
EndSection

Section "Extensions"
        Option "Composite" "Enable"
EndSection

Jetzt muss man X durch drücken von Ctrl-Alt-Backspace neu starten (oder das System rebooten, wenn es so nicht funktioniert).

Danach installiert man Beryl – und zwar so:

sudo apt-get install beryl beryl-manager emerald-themes

Als nächstes startet man Beryl:

beryl-manager

Wenn alles richtig war sollte der Desktop jetzt 3D-Effekte haben und man kann das rote Beryl-Icon in der oberen rechten Ecke des Desktops sehen:

Wenn dies nicht funktioniert hat,bitte einen rechten Mausklick auf das rote Beryl-Icon ausführen und Select Window Manager > Beryl wählen. Beryl sollte nun starten.

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