Einige Emails kommen nicht an

Dieses Thema im Forum "Installation und Konfiguration" wurde erstellt von bobbybackblech, 21. Okt. 2014.

  1. Heyho,

    ich habe das Problem, dass einige Emails nicht angekommen. Woran kann das liegen ?
    In ISPC im Email warn und Fehler Protokoll habe ich nur ein:

    Unable to read /var/log/mail.err
    Unable to read /var/log/mail.warn

    Code:
    /var/log # ls -l
    total 31276
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root     root      1790 Oct 16 10:59 alternatives.log
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root     root      5673 Sep 30 17:26 alternatives.log.1
    drwxr-x--- 2 root     adm       4096 Sep 25 12:25 apache2
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm          0 Oct 21 06:25 apport.log
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm        485 Oct 21 03:01 apport.log.1
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm        289 Oct 19 03:00 apport.log.2.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm        290 Oct 18 03:00 apport.log.3.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm        289 Oct 17 03:00 apport.log.4.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm        285 Oct 16 03:00 apport.log.5.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm        282 Oct 15 03:00 apport.log.6.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm        282 Oct 14 03:00 apport.log.7.gz
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root     root      4096 Oct  1 06:25 apt
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root     root         0 Oct  4 06:25 aptitude
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root     root       443 Oct  3 13:56 aptitude.1.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 syslog   adm    1540740 Oct 21 11:24 auth.log
    -rw-r----- 1 syslog   adm    3938327 Oct 19 06:25 auth.log.1
    -rw-r----- 1 syslog   adm     278061 Oct 12 06:25 auth.log.2.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 syslog   adm     264894 Oct  6 06:25 auth.log.3.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 syslog   adm      71533 Sep 28 06:25 auth.log.4.gz
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root     root      4698 Sep 25 12:00 boot.log
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root     root         0 Sep 25 11:58 bootstrap.log
    -rw-rw---- 1 root     utmp   7718784 Oct 21 10:42 btmp
    -rw-rw---- 1 root     utmp   1107840 Oct  1 05:25 btmp.1
    drwxr-xr-x 2 clamav   clamav    4096 Oct 19 06:25 clamav
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root     root      4096 Sep 25 12:20 dbconfig-common
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root     root      4096 Mar 10  2014 dist-upgrade
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm      69279 Sep 25 12:00 dmesg
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm          0 Sep 25 11:58 dmesg.0
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root     root     61695 Oct 16 10:59 dpkg.log
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root     root    309960 Sep 30 17:26 dpkg.log.1
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm      31000 Oct 21 11:20 fail2ban.log
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm     104436 Oct 19 06:11 fail2ban.log.1
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm      13824 Oct 12 06:17 fail2ban.log.2.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm       9055 Oct  6 06:21 fail2ban.log.3.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm       1768 Sep 28 01:45 fail2ban.log.4.gz
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root     root    160704 Oct 16 10:55 faillog
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root     root      1343 Oct 16 01:13 fontconfig.log
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root     root      4096 Mar 17  2014 fsck
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root     root      4096 Sep 25 12:28 ispconfig
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root     root     15615 Sep 25 12:28 ispconfig_install.log
    -rw-r----- 1 syslog   adm      33402 Oct 21 09:07 kern.log
    -rw-r----- 1 syslog   adm      26566 Oct 19 03:00 kern.log.1
    -rw-r----- 1 syslog   adm       6057 Oct 12 03:01 kern.log.2.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 syslog   adm      12698 Oct  6 03:00 kern.log.3.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 syslog   adm      18421 Sep 28 04:10 kern.log.4.gz
    -rw-rw-r-- 1 root     utmp   1466424 Oct 21 11:20 lastlog
    -rw-r--r-- 1 syslog   adm    2339069 Oct 21 11:23 mail.log
    -rw-r--r-- 1 syslog   adm    7920619 Oct 19 06:25 mail.log.1
    -rw-r--r-- 1 syslog   adm     600159 Oct 12 06:25 mail.log.2.gz
    -rw-r--r-- 1 syslog   adm     940842 Oct  6 06:25 mail.log.3.gz
    -rw-r--r-- 1 syslog   adm     204159 Sep 28 06:25 mail.log.4.gz
    drwxrws--- 2 root     list      4096 Oct 21 06:25 mailman
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 syslog   adm          0 Oct 21 11:21 mail.warn
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root     root         0 Sep 25 17:25 memcached.log
    drwxr-xr-x 2 munin    adm       4096 Oct 21 06:25 munin
    drwxr-s--- 2 mysql    adm       4096 Oct 21 06:25 mysql
    -rw-r----- 1 mysql    adm          0 Sep 25 12:12 mysql.err
    -rw-r----- 1 mysql    adm          0 Oct 21 06:25 mysql.log
    -rw-r----- 1 mysql    adm         20 Oct 20 06:25 mysql.log.1.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 mysql    adm         20 Oct 19 06:25 mysql.log.2.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 mysql    adm         20 Oct 18 06:25 mysql.log.3.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 mysql    adm         20 Oct 17 06:25 mysql.log.4.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 mysql    adm         20 Oct 16 06:25 mysql.log.5.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 mysql    adm         20 Oct 15 06:25 mysql.log.6.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 mysql    adm         20 Oct 14 06:25 mysql.log.7.gz
    drwxr-x--- 2 www-data adm       4096 Oct 19 06:25 nginx
    drwxr-xr-x 2 ntp      ntp       4096 Oct  9  2013 ntpstats
    -rw------- 1 root     root         0 Oct  6 06:25 php5-fpm.log
    -rw------- 1 root     root      3007 Oct  3 16:08 php5-fpm.log.1
    -rw------- 1 root     root       416 Sep 27 13:45 php5-fpm.log.2.gz
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root     root      4096 Oct 19 06:25 pure-ftpd
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm     122072 Oct 20 23:01 rkhunter.log
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm     122072 Oct 18 23:01 rkhunter.log.1
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm      14610 Oct 11 23:01 rkhunter.log.2.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm      14518 Oct  5 23:01 rkhunter.log.3.gz
    -rw------- 1 root     root     14355 Sep 27 23:01 rkhunter.log.4.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 root     adm     122072 Oct 19 23:01 rkhunter.log.old
    drwxr-x--- 2 www-data adm       4096 Oct 19 06:25 roundcube
    -rw-r----- 1 syslog   adm     425996 Oct 21 11:24 syslog
    -rw-r----- 1 syslog   adm    1772619 Oct 21 06:25 syslog.1
    -rw-r----- 1 syslog   adm     139238 Oct 20 06:25 syslog.2.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 syslog   adm     137389 Oct 19 06:25 syslog.3.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 syslog   adm     180433 Oct 18 06:25 syslog.4.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 syslog   adm     187904 Oct 17 06:25 syslog.5.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 syslog   adm     238316 Oct 16 06:25 syslog.6.gz
    -rw-r----- 1 syslog   adm     161400 Oct 15 06:25 syslog.7.gz
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root     root    340257 Sep 25 12:00 udev
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root     root      4096 Oct 21 11:20 upstart
    -rw-rw-r-- 1 root     utmp     23424 Oct 21 11:20 wtmp
    -rw-rw-r-- 1 root     utmp     17664 Sep 30 21:58 wtmp.1
     
  2. F4RR3LL

    F4RR3LL Member

    was sagt denn
    Code:
    cat /var/log/mail.log
    wenns zu lang wird kannste auch mit tail durchgehen, dort sollten sich Hinweise finden lassen.

    Gruß Sven
     
  3. Der Mail.log wird gelesen, aber nicht das Fehler oder Warn Protokoll.
    Ich habe die Dateien jetzt einmal angelegt:

    Code:
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 syslog   adm          0 Oct 22 11:23 mail.err
    -rwxrwxrwx 1 syslog   adm          0 Oct 22 11:23 mail.warn
    Und einige Emails kommen nicht an.
    Was genau bedeutet:
    Oct 22 15:02:40 main postfix/qmgr[20668]: 0744229D69F: removed
    im Log ?

    Meine /etc/postfix/master.cf sieht wie folgt aus, ist hier evtl. etwas falsch ?

    Code:
    #tlsproxy  unix  -       -       -       -       0       tlsproxy
    submission inet n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
      -o syslog_name=postfix/submission
      -o smtpd_tls_security_level=encrypt
      -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
      -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
    #  -o smtpd_reject_unlisted_recipient=no
    #  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=$mua_client_restrictions
    #  -o smtpd_helo_restrictions=$mua_helo_restrictions
    #  -o smtpd_sender_restrictions=$mua_sender_restrictions
    #  -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=
    #  -o smtpd_relay_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
    #  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
    smtps     inet  n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
      -o syslog_name=postfix/smtps
      -o smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes
      -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
      -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
    #  -o smtpd_reject_unlisted_recipient=no
    #  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=$mua_client_restrictions
     
  4. F4RR3LL

    F4RR3LL Member

    Gib doch mal bitte n bissl mehr vom Log....removed wird die Mail nach Zustellung Bounce etc... also immer dann wenn der Mailserver mit seiner Arbeit zu dieser Mail fertig ist, grob gesagt. Deine Master.cf ist auch wieder nur ein Auszug oder?

    Gruß Sven
     
  5. Hier ein Auszug des mail Logs:

    http://nopaste.info/6b356f7c53.html

    Und meine .conf

    Code:
    cat /etc/postfix/master.cf
    #
    # Postfix master process configuration file.  For details on the format
    # of the file, see the master(5) manual page (command: "man 5 master" or
    # on-line: http://www.postfix.org/master.5.html).
    #
    # Do not forget to execute "postfix reload" after editing this file.
    #
    # ==========================================================================
    # service type  private unpriv  chroot  wakeup  maxproc command + args
    #               (yes)   (yes)   (yes)   (never) (100)
    # ==========================================================================
    smtp      inet  n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
    #smtp      inet  n       -       -       -       1       postscreen
    #smtpd     pass  -       -       -       -       -       smtpd
    #dnsblog   unix  -       -       -       -       0       dnsblog
    #tlsproxy  unix  -       -       -       -       0       tlsproxy
    submission inet n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
      -o syslog_name=postfix/submission
      -o smtpd_tls_security_level=encrypt
      -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
      -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
    #  -o smtpd_reject_unlisted_recipient=no
    #  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=$mua_client_restrictions
    #  -o smtpd_helo_restrictions=$mua_helo_restrictions
    #  -o smtpd_sender_restrictions=$mua_sender_restrictions
    #  -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=
    #  -o smtpd_relay_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
    #  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
    smtps     inet  n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
      -o syslog_name=postfix/smtps
      -o smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes
      -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
      -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
    #  -o smtpd_reject_unlisted_recipient=no
    #  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=$mua_client_restrictions
    #  -o smtpd_helo_restrictions=$mua_helo_restrictions
    #  -o smtpd_sender_restrictions=$mua_sender_restrictions
    #  -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=
    #  -o smtpd_relay_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
    #  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
    #628       inet  n       -       -       -       -       qmqpd
    pickup    unix  n       -       -       60      1       pickup
    cleanup   unix  n       -       -       -       0       cleanup
    qmgr      unix  n       -       n       300     1       qmgr
    #qmgr     unix  n       -       n       300     1       oqmgr
    tlsmgr    unix  -       -       -       1000?   1       tlsmgr
    rewrite   unix  -       -       -       -       -       trivial-rewrite
    bounce    unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
    defer     unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
    trace     unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
    verify    unix  -       -       -       -       1       verify
    flush     unix  n       -       -       1000?   0       flush
    proxymap  unix  -       -       n       -       -       proxymap
    proxywrite unix -       -       n       -       1       proxymap
    smtp      unix  -       -       -       -       -       smtp
    relay     unix  -       -       -       -       -       smtp
    #       -o smtp_helo_timeout=5 -o smtp_connect_timeout=5
    showq     unix  n       -       -       -       -       showq
    error     unix  -       -       -       -       -       error
    retry     unix  -       -       -       -       -       error
    discard   unix  -       -       -       -       -       discard
    local     unix  -       n       n       -       -       local
    virtual   unix  -       n       n       -       -       virtual
    lmtp      unix  -       -       -       -       -       lmtp
    anvil     unix  -       -       -       -       1       anvil
    scache    unix  -       -       -       -       1       scache
    #
    # ====================================================================
    # Interfaces to non-Postfix software. Be sure to examine the manual
    # pages of the non-Postfix software to find out what options it wants.
    #
    # Many of the following services use the Postfix pipe(8) delivery
    # agent.  See the pipe(8) man page for information about ${recipient}
    # and other message envelope options.
    # ====================================================================
    #
    # maildrop. See the Postfix MAILDROP_README file for details.
    # Also specify in main.cf: maildrop_destination_recipient_limit=1
    #
    maildrop  unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
      flags=DRhu user=vmail argv=/usr/bin/maildrop -d vmail ${extension} ${recipient} ${user} ${nexthop} ${sender}
    #
    # ====================================================================
    #
    # Recent Cyrus versions can use the existing "lmtp" master.cf entry.
    #
    # Specify in cyrus.conf:
    #   lmtp    cmd="lmtpd -a" listen="localhost:lmtp" proto=tcp4
    #
    # Specify in main.cf one or more of the following:
    #  mailbox_transport = lmtp:inet:localhost
    #  virtual_transport = lmtp:inet:localhost
    #
    # ====================================================================
    #
    # Cyrus 2.1.5 (Amos Gouaux)
    # Also specify in main.cf: cyrus_destination_recipient_limit=1
    #
    #cyrus     unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
    #  user=cyrus argv=/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -r ${sender} -m ${extension} ${user}
    #
    # ====================================================================
    # Old example of delivery via Cyrus.
    #
    #old-cyrus unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
    #  flags=R user=cyrus argv=/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -m ${extension} ${user}
    #
    # ====================================================================
    #
    # See the Postfix UUCP_README file for configuration details.
    #
    uucp      unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
      flags=Fqhu user=uucp argv=uux -r -n -z -a$sender - $nexthop!rmail ($recipient)
    #
    # Other external delivery methods.
    #
    ifmail    unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
      flags=F user=ftn argv=/usr/lib/ifmail/ifmail -r $nexthop ($recipient)
    bsmtp     unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
      flags=Fq. user=bsmtp argv=/usr/lib/bsmtp/bsmtp -t$nexthop -f$sender $recipient
    scalemail-backend unix    -    n    n    -    2    pipe
      flags=R user=scalemail argv=/usr/lib/scalemail/bin/scalemail-store ${nexthop} ${user} ${extension}
    mailman   unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
      flags=FR user=list argv=/usr/lib/mailman/bin/postfix-to-mailman.py
      ${nexthop} ${user}
    
    dovecot   unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
      flags=DROhu user=vmail:vmail argv=/usr/lib/dovecot/deliver -f ${sender} -d ${user}@${nexthop}
    amavis unix - - - - 2 smtp
            -o smtp_data_done_timeout=1200
            -o smtp_send_xforward_command=yes
    
    127.0.0.1:10025 inet n - - - - smtpd
            -o content_filter=
            -o local_recipient_maps=
            -o relay_recipient_maps=
            -o smtpd_restriction_classes=
            -o smtpd_client_restrictions=
            -o smtpd_helo_restrictions=
            -o smtpd_sender_restrictions=
            -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=permit_mynetworks,reject
            -o mynetworks=127.0.0.0/8
            -o strict_rfc821_envelopes=yes
            -o receive_override_options=no_unknown_recipient_checks,no_header_body_checks
    
     
  6. F4RR3LL

    F4RR3LL Member

    Nach dem Lesen des Logs fällt ja auf das dein Virenscanner ordentlich einen weg hat.
    Handelt es sich zufällig um einen Openvz Server, bzw um einen Root mit wenig Ram?
    Das würde das Verhalten erklären wenn er mal zustellt und mal OOM rennt.
    Sofern es ein OpenVZ Server ist schau dir mal die beancounters an.
    Ansonsten, sofern das alles passt, würde ich nochmal schauen ob der clamav sauber installiert ist.
    Deine .conf schaut nach einer default ispconfig aus, die sollte also passen.

    Gruß Sven
     
  7. Nein ist kein OpenVz Server, ist ein Hetzner EX 40 SSD
     
  8. F4RR3LL

    F4RR3LL Member

    Jo der EX kann das locker ab, dann würde ich erstmal schauen was mit dem Virenscanner ist, der wirft ja einiges an Fehlern im Log.
     
  9. Mh ... woran könnte es denn noch liegen ?
    Ich habe testweise einmal clamav und spam gestoppt, allerdings kommen immer noch einige Emails einfach nicht an.
     

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