[ISPConfig 3 - Debian 5.0] Postfix DB Problem

Dieses Thema im Forum "Installation und Konfiguration" wurde erstellt von Darkness, 19. Feb. 2010.

  1. Darkness

    Darkness New Member

    Hi liebes HTF Team,

    ich habe meinen Server nach dem Tutorial "Der Perfekte Server – Debian Lenny (Debian 5.0) [ISPConfig 3]" eingerichtet. Die ISPConfig Routine hatte jedoch etwas auszusetzen, da eine Postfix Config fehlte (ich glaube main). Nach dem ich diese erstellt hatte lief das Setup durch. Doch der Mailserver scheint jetzt total verkonfiguriert... Auf das Postfach zugreifen geht, nur das Senden über Postfächer und die Weiterleitungen gehen nicht.

    Laut dem Mail Log existiert die Datei /etc/aliases.db nicht.
    Code:
    Feb 19 15:28:33 d027 postfix/smtpd[20376]: fatal: open database  /etc/aliases.db: No such file or directory
    Feb 19 15:28:34 d027 postfix/master[2500]: warning: process  /usr/lib/postfix/smtpd pid 20376 exit status 1
    Feb 19 15:28:34 d027 postfix/master[2500]: warning:  /usr/lib/postfix/smtpd: bad command startup -- throttling
    Feb 19 15:28:51 d027 postfix/local[20388]: fatal: open database  /etc/aliases.db: No such file or directory
    Feb 19 15:28:52 d027 postfix/master[2500]: warning: process  /usr/lib/postfix/local pid 20388 exit status 1
    Feb 19 15:28:52 d027 postfix/master[2500]: warning:  /usr/lib/postfix/local: bad command startup -- throttling
    Danach häufen sich entsprechend Fehlermeldungen, wie:
    Code:
    Feb 19 15:27:03 d027 postfix/error[20295]: 61EEA2D5027: to=,  relay=none, delay=46742, delays=46742/0.24/0/0.02, dsn=4.3.0,  status=deferred (mail transport unavailable)
    Feb 19 15:27:03 d027 postfix/error[20291]: 6440F2D45D2: to=,  relay=none, delay=206282, delays=206282/0.26/0/0.04, dsn=4.3.0,  status=deferred (mail transport unavailable)
    Feb 19 15:27:03 d027 postfix/error[20306]: 6F6FD2D472E: to=,  relay=none, delay=185282, delays=185282/0.23/0/0.05, dsn=4.3.0,  status=deferred (mail transport unavailable)
    Meine master.cf (ein paar Comments entfernt):
    Code:
    # ==========================================================================
    # service type  private unpriv  chroot  wakeup  maxproc command + args
    #               (yes)   (yes)   (yes)   (never) (100)
    # ==========================================================================
    smtp      inet  n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
    pickup    fifo  n       -       -       60      1       pickup
    cleanup   unix  n       -       -       -       0       cleanup
    qmgr      fifo  n       -       n       300     1       qmgr
    #qmgr     fifo  n       -       -       300     1       oqmgr
    tlsmgr    unix  -       -       -       1000?   1       tlsmgr
    rewrite   unix  -       -       -       -       -       trivial-rewrite
    bounce    unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
    defer     unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
    trace     unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
    verify    unix  -       -       -       -       1       verify
    flush     unix  n       -       -       1000?   0       flush
    proxymap  unix  -       -       n       -       -       proxymap
    proxywrite unix -       -       n       -       1       proxymap
    smtp      unix  -       -       -       -       -       smtp
    # When relaying mail as backup MX, disable fallback_relay to avoid MX loops
    relay     unix  -       -       -       -       -       smtp
            -o smtp_fallback_relay=
    #       -o smtp_helo_timeout=5 -o smtp_connect_timeout=5
    showq     unix  n       -       -       -       -       showq
    error     unix  -       -       -       -       -       error
    retry     unix  -       -       -       -       -       error
    discard   unix  -       -       -       -       -       discard
    local     unix  -       n       n       -       -       local
    virtual   unix  -       n       n       -       -       virtual
    lmtp      unix  -       -       -       -       -       lmtp
    anvil     unix  -       -       -       -       1       anvil
    scache    unix  -       -       -       -       1       scache
    #
    # ====================================================================
    # Interfaces to non-Postfix software. Be sure to examine the manual
    # pages of the non-Postfix software to find out what options it wants.
    #
    # Many of the following services use the Postfix pipe(8) delivery
    # agent.  See the pipe(8) man page for information about ${recipient}
    # and other message envelope options.
    # ====================================================================
    #
    # maildrop. See the Postfix MAILDROP_README file for details.
    # Also specify in main.cf: maildrop_destination_recipient_limit=1
    #
    maildrop  unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
      flags=DRhu user=vmail argv=/usr/bin/maildrop -d vmail ${extension} ${recipient} ${user} ${nexthop} ${sender}
    #
    # See the Postfix UUCP_README file for configuration details.
    #
    uucp      unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
      flags=Fqhu user=uucp argv=uux -r -n -z -a$sender - $nexthop!rmail ($recipient)
    #
    # Other external delivery methods.
    #
    ifmail    unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
      flags=F user=ftn argv=/usr/lib/ifmail/ifmail -r $nexthop ($recipient)
    bsmtp     unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
      flags=Fq. user=bsmtp argv=/usr/lib/bsmtp/bsmtp -t$nexthop -f$sender $recipient
    scalemail-backend unix  -       n       n       -       2       pipe
      flags=R user=scalemail argv=/usr/lib/scalemail/bin/scalemail-store ${nexthop} ${user} ${extension}
    mailman   unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
      flags=FR user=list argv=/usr/lib/mailman/bin/postfix-to-mailman.py
      ${nexthop} ${user}
    
    
    amavis unix - - - - 2 smtp
            -o smtp_data_done_timeout=1200
            -o smtp_send_xforward_command=yes
    
    127.0.0.1:10025 inet n - - - - smtpd
            -o content_filter=
            -o local_recipient_maps=
            -o relay_recipient_maps=
            -o smtpd_restriction_classes=
            -o smtpd_client_restrictions=
            -o smtpd_helo_restrictions=
            -o smtpd_sender_restrictions=
            -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=permit_mynetworks,reject
            -o mynetworks=127.0.0.0/8
            -o strict_rfc821_envelopes=yes
            -o receive_override_options=no_unknown_recipient_checks,no_header_body_checks
            -o smtpd_bind_address=127.0.0.1
    
    Und die main.cf:
    Code:
    # See /usr/share/postfix/main.cf.dist for a commented, more complete version
    
    
    # Debian specific:  Specifying a file name will cause the first
    # line of that file to be used as the name.  The Debian default
    # is /etc/mailname.
    #myorigin = /etc/mailname
    
    smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name (Debian/GNU)
    biff = no
    
    # appending .domain is the MUA's job.
    append_dot_mydomain = no
    
    # Uncomment the next line to generate "delayed mail" warnings
    #delay_warning_time = 4h
    
    readme_directory = /usr/share/doc/postfix
    
    # TLS parameters
    smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/postfix/smtpd.cert
    smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/postfix/smtpd.key
    smtpd_use_tls = yes
    smtpd_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtpd_scache
    smtp_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtp_scache
    
    # See /usr/share/doc/postfix/TLS_README.gz in the postfix-doc package for
    # information on enabling SSL in the smtp client.
    
    myhostname = [I]mein.serv.er[/I]
    alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
    alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases
    myorigin = /etc/mailname
    mydestination = [I]mein.serv.er[/I], localhost, localhost.localdomain
    relayhost =
    mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8 [::1]/128
    mailbox_size_limit = 0
    recipient_delimiter = +
    inet_interfaces = all
    html_directory = /usr/share/doc/postfix/html
    virtual_alias_domains =
    virtual_alias_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_forwardings.cf, mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_email2email.cf
    virtual_mailbox_domains = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_domains.cf
    virtual_mailbox_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_mailboxes.cf
    virtual_mailbox_base = /var/vmail
    virtual_uid_maps = static:5000
    virtual_gid_maps = static:5000
    smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes
    broken_sasl_auth_clients = yes
    smtpd_sasl_authenticated_header = yes
    smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_mynetworks, permit_sasl_authenticated, check_recipient_access mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_recipient.cf, reject_unauth_destination
    smtpd_tls_security_level = may
    transport_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_transports.cf
    relay_domains = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_relaydomains.cf
    virtual_create_maildirsize = yes
    virtual_maildir_extended = yes
    virtual_mailbox_limit_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_mailbox_limit_maps.cf
    virtual_mailbox_limit_override = yes
    virtual_maildir_limit_message = "The user you are trying to reach is over quota."
    virtual_overquota_bounce = yes
    proxy_read_maps = $local_recipient_maps $mydestination $virtual_alias_maps $virtual_alias_domains $virtual_mailbox_maps $virtual_mailbox_domains $relay_recipient_maps $relay_domains $canonical_maps $sender_canonical_maps $recipient_canonical_maps $relocated_maps $transport_maps $mynetworks $virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
    smtpd_sender_restrictions = check_sender_access mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_sender.cf
    smtpd_client_restrictions = check_client_access mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_client.cf
    maildrop_destination_concurrency_limit = 1
    maildrop_destination_recipient_limit = 1
    virtual_transport = maildrop
    header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/header_checks
    mime_header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/mime_header_checks
    nested_header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/nested_header_checks
    body_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/body_checks
    content_filter = amavis:[127.0.0.1]:10024
    receive_override_options = no_address_mappings
    message_size_limit = 0
    
    mein.serv.er = Platzhalter

    Danke im Vorraus,
    Darkness
     
    Zuletzt bearbeitet: 19. Feb. 2010
  2. Burge

    Burge Member

    Also sofern du nicht die svn version hast, würde ich als schnellsten workaround sagen wenn du alles aus du howto doch wirklich ausgeführt hast, lade dir noch mal die aktuelle version runter und starte das update. Bei der Frage zum Configurieren der Dienste sagste ja.
     
  3. Darkness

    Darkness New Member

    Ich nutze die aktuelle Version... Oder ist das update trotzdem möglich?
     
  4. Burge

    Burge Member

    bissel blöde ausgedrückt ja die aktuelle version ist richtig die svn sollte nur zum testen genutzt werden.

    Also aktuelle nochmal runterladen und das update starten.
     
  5. Darkness

    Darkness New Member

    Die update.php lief erfolgreich durch, aber alles ist beim alten geblieben...
    Code:
    Feb 19 17:37:05 d027 postfix/local[4433]: fatal: open database  /etc/aliases.db: No such file or directory
    Feb 19 17:37:06 d027 postfix/master[3059]: warning: process  /usr/lib/postfix/local pid 4433 exit status 1
    Feb 19 17:37:06 d027 postfix/master[3059]: warning:  /usr/lib/postfix/local: bad command startup -- throttling
     
  6. Till

    Till Administrator

    Ruf mal den Befehl:

    newaliases

    auf und danach postfix neu starten. Die aliases.db wird von ispconfig nicht verwendet, kann aber sein dass sie in Deinem Postfix vorkonfiguriert war.
     
  7. Darkness

    Darkness New Member

    Perfekt!

    So einfach.. :)

    Ich danke dir. Läuft wieder wie ne Eins. :)
     

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