Problem mit E-Mail Alias

Dieses Thema im Forum "Installation und Konfiguration" wurde erstellt von Ragripper, 5. Nov. 2011.

  1. Ragripper

    Ragripper New Member

    Hallo zusammen,

    ich versuche vergeblich funktionierende E-Mail Aliase bzw. eine Catch-All Adresse zu definieren.
    Habe meine Postfix / Dovecot Konfigurationen auch schon auf den auslieferungszustand nach der Installation von ISP Config gesetzt, ich bekomme aber leider immer ein

    Code:
    postfix/pipe[820]: 8A822179E11E: to=<alias@domain.de>, relay=dovecot, delay=0.01, delays=0.01/0/0/0, dsn=5.1.1, status=bounced (user unknown)
    Alias Adresse über ISP Config Webseite angelegt, Empfänger E-Mailbox ist natürlich vorhanden und funktioniert.

    System: Debian 6, ISP Config 3.0.4, Postfix mit Dovecot

    Postfix main.cf:
    Code:
    virtual_alias_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_forwardings.cf, proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_email2email.cf
    virtual_mailbox_domains = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_domains.cf
    virtual_mailbox_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_mailboxes.cf
    virtual_mailbox_base = /var/vmail
    virtual_uid_maps = static:5000
    virtual_gid_maps = static:5000
    Irgendwie sehe ich den Fehler gerade nicht :(
    Hat jemand eine Idee?
    Danke!
     
  2. Till

    Till Administrator

    Ist domain.de irdendwo in der main.cf als myhostname oder mydomain Etc. gesetzt oder ist sie der hostname des servers?
     
  3. Ragripper

    Ragripper New Member

    Hi,

    nein Sie sind lediglich in der Tabelle mail_domain eingetragen und in Postfix unter virtual_mailbox_domains = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_domains.cf.
    Der Hostname bzw. myhostname = ist eine andere Domain.
     
  4. Till

    Till Administrator

    Ok. Nach welcher anleitung hast du den server installiert? Funktioniert der login per webmail?
     
  5. Ragripper

    Ragripper New Member

  6. Till

    Till Administrator

    Postfix löst den alias normalerweise auf bevor die email an dovecot deliver übergeben wird. Es scheint so als ob das bei dir deaktiviert wurde. Poste bitte mal die vollständige main und master.cf dateien.
     
  7. Ragripper

    Ragripper New Member

    Main.cf:
    Code:
    smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name (Debian/GNU)
    biff = no
    
    # appending .domain is the MUA's job.
    append_dot_mydomain = no
    
    # Uncomment the next line to generate "delayed mail" warnings
    #delay_warning_time = 4h
    
    # Unbekannte Lokale adressen sofort zurueck senden mit status 550
    #unknown_local_recipient_reject_code = 550
    
    readme_directory = /usr/share/doc/postfix
    
    # TLS parameters
    smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/postfix/smtpd.cert
    smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/postfix/smtpd.key
    smtpd_use_tls = yes
    smtpd_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtpd_scache
    smtp_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${data_directory}/smtp_scache
    
    # See /usr/share/doc/postfix/TLS_README.gz in the postfix-doc package for
    # information on enabling SSL in the smtp client.
    mailman_destination_recipient_limit = 1
    
    myhostname = srv02.domain.de
    alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases, hash:/var/lib/mailman/data/aliases
    alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases, hash:/var/lib/mailman/data/aliases
    myorigin = /etc/mailname
    mydestination = srv02.domain.de, localhost, localhost.localdomain
    mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8 [::1]/128
    mailbox_command = procmail -a "$EXTENSION"
    mailbox_size_limit = 0
    recipient_delimiter = +
    html_directory = /usr/share/doc/postfix/html
    virtual_alias_domains =
    virtual_alias_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_forwardings.cf, proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_email2email.cf, hash:/var/lib/mailman/data/virtual-mailman
    virtual_mailbox_domains = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_domains.cf
    virtual_mailbox_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_mailboxes.cf
    virtual_mailbox_base = /var/vmail
    virtual_uid_maps = static:5000
    virtual_gid_maps = static:5000
    smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes
    broken_sasl_auth_clients = yes
    smtpd_sasl_authenticated_header = yes
    smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_mynetworks, permit_sasl_authenticated, check_recipient_access mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_recipient.cf, reject_unauth_destination
    smtpd_tls_security_level = may
    transport_maps = proxy:mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_transports.cf
    relay_domains = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_relaydomains.cf
    relay_recipient_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_relayrecipientmaps.cf
    proxy_read_maps = $local_recipient_maps $mydestination $virtual_alias_maps $virtual_alias_domains $virtual_mailbox_maps $virtual_mailbox_domains $relay_recipient_maps $relay_domains $canonical_maps $sender_canonical_maps $recipient_canonical_maps $relocated_maps $transport_maps $mynetworks $virtual_mailbox_limit_maps
    smtpd_sender_restrictions = check_sender_access mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_sender.cf
    smtpd_client_restrictions = check_client_access mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_client.cf
    smtpd_client_message_rate_limit = 100
    maildrop_destination_concurrency_limit = 1
    maildrop_destination_recipient_limit = 1
    virtual_transport = dovecot
    header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/header_checks
    mime_header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/mime_header_checks
    nested_header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/nested_header_checks
    body_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/body_checks
    owner_request_special = no
    dovecot_destination_recipient_limit = 1
    smtpd_sasl_type = dovecot
    smtpd_sasl_path = private/auth
    receive_override_options = no_address_mappings
    
    #Grosse Mails
    message_size_limit = 0
    bounce_size_limit = 52428800
    Master.cf
    Code:
    # Postfix master process configuration file.  For details on the format
    # of the file, see the master(5) manual page (command: "man 5 master").
    #
    # Do not forget to execute "postfix reload" after editing this file.
    #
    # ==========================================================================
    # service type  private unpriv  chroot  wakeup  maxproc command + args
    #               (yes)   (yes)   (yes)   (never) (100)
    # ==========================================================================
    smtp      inet  n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
      -o content_filter=spamassassin
    #submission inet n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
    #  -o smtpd_tls_security_level=encrypt
    #  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
    #  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
    #  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
    #smtps     inet  n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
    #  -o smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes
    #  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
    #  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
    #  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
    #628       inet  n       -       -       -       -       qmqpd
    pickup    fifo  n       -       -       60      1       pickup
    cleanup   unix  n       -       -       -       0       cleanup
    qmgr      fifo  n       -       n       300     1       qmgr
    #qmgr     fifo  n       -       -       300     1       oqmgr
    tlsmgr    unix  -       -       -       1000?   1       tlsmgr
    rewrite   unix  -       -       -       -       -       trivial-rewrite
    bounce    unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
    defer     unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
    trace     unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
    verify    unix  -       -       -       -       1       verify
    flush     unix  n       -       -       1000?   0       flush
    proxymap  unix  -       -       n       -       -       proxymap
    proxywrite unix -       -       n       -       1       proxymap
    smtp      unix  -       -       -       -       -       smtp
    # When relaying mail as backup MX, disable fallback_relay to avoid MX loops
    relay     unix  -       -       -       -       -       smtp
            -o smtp_fallback_relay=
    #       -o smtp_helo_timeout=5 -o smtp_connect_timeout=5
    showq     unix  n       -       -       -       -       showq
    error     unix  -       -       -       -       -       error
    retry     unix  -       -       -       -       -       error
    discard   unix  -       -       -       -       -       discard
    local     unix  -       n       n       -       -       local
    virtual   unix  -       n       n       -       -       virtual
    lmtp      unix  -       -       -       -       -       lmtp
    anvil     unix  -       -       -       -       1       anvil
    scache    unix  -       -       -       -       1       scache
    #
    # ====================================================================
    # Interfaces to non-Postfix software. Be sure to examine the manual
    # pages of the non-Postfix software to find out what options it wants.
    #
    # Many of the following services use the Postfix pipe(8) delivery
    # agent.  See the pipe(8) man page for information about ${recipient}
    # and other message envelope options.
    # ====================================================================
    #
    # maildrop. See the Postfix MAILDROP_README file for details.
    # Also specify in main.cf: maildrop_destination_recipient_limit=1
    #
    maildrop  unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
      flags=DRhu user=vmail argv=/usr/bin/maildrop -d vmail ${extension} ${recipient} ${user} ${nexthop} ${sender}
    #
    # ====================================================================
    #
    # Recent Cyrus versions can use the existing "lmtp" master.cf entry.
    #
    # Specify in cyrus.conf:
    #   lmtp    cmd="lmtpd -a" listen="localhost:lmtp" proto=tcp4
    #
    # Specify in main.cf one or more of the following:
    #  mailbox_transport = lmtp:inet:localhost
    #  virtual_transport = lmtp:inet:localhost
    #
    # ====================================================================
    #
    # Cyrus 2.1.5 (Amos Gouaux)
    # Also specify in main.cf: cyrus_destination_recipient_limit=1
    #
    #cyrus     unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
    #  user=cyrus argv=/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -r ${sender} -m ${extension} ${user}
    #
    # ====================================================================
    # Old example of delivery via Cyrus.
    #
    #old-cyrus unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
    #  flags=R user=cyrus argv=/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -m ${extension} ${user}
    #
    # ====================================================================
    #
    # See the Postfix UUCP_README file for configuration details.
    #
    uucp      unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
      flags=Fqhu user=uucp argv=uux -r -n -z -a$sender - $nexthop!rmail ($recipient)
    #
    # Other external delivery methods.
    #
    ifmail    unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
      flags=F user=ftn argv=/usr/lib/ifmail/ifmail -r $nexthop ($recipient)
    bsmtp     unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
      flags=Fq. user=bsmtp argv=/usr/lib/bsmtp/bsmtp -t$nexthop -f$sender $recipient
    scalemail-backend unix  -       n       n       -       2       pipe
      flags=R user=scalemail argv=/usr/lib/scalemail/bin/scalemail-store ${nexthop} ${user} ${extension}
    mailman   unix   -      n      n      -      -      pipe
       flags=FR user=list argv=/usr/lib/mailman/bin/postfix-to-mailman.py
       ${nexthop} ${user}
    
    dovecot   unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
      flags=DRhu user=vmail:vmail argv=/usr/lib/dovecot/deliver -f ${sender} -d ${user}@${nexthop}
    #amavis unix - - - - 2 smtp
    #        -o smtp_data_done_timeout=1200
    #        -o smtp_send_xforward_command=yes
    
    127.0.0.1:10025 inet n - - - - smtpd
            -o content_filter=
            -o local_recipient_maps=
            -o relay_recipient_maps=
            -o smtpd_restriction_classes=
            -o smtpd_client_restrictions=
            -o smtpd_helo_restrictions=
            -o smtpd_sender_restrictions=
            -o smtpd_recipient_restrictions=permit_mynetworks,reject
            -o mynetworks=127.0.0.0/8
            -o strict_rfc821_envelopes=yes
            -o receive_override_options=no_unknown_recipient_checks,no_header_body_checks
            -o smtpd_bind_address=127.0.0.1
    
    # Spamassassin
    spamassassin unix -     n       n       -       -       pipe
            user=spamd argv=/usr/bin/spamc -f -e
            /usr/sbin/sendmail -oi -f ${sender} ${recipient}
     
  8. Till

    Till Administrator

    Das Problem liegt daran, dass bei Dir amavisd deaktiviert ist. Da gibt es 2 Lösungen:

    1) Du aktivierst amavisd, indem Du die Zeile:

    content_filter = amavis:[127.0.0.1]:10024

    in die main.cf einfügst und die # vor den amavis Zeilen in der Master cf entfernst.

    2) Oder Du deaktivierst amavis richtig, so wie es im ISPConfig FAQ beschrieben ist:

    How to disable spamfilter- and antivirus functions in ISPConfig 3 « FAQforge

    also auch die Zeile receive_override_options = no_address_mappings auskommentieren.
     
  9. Ragripper

    Ragripper New Member

    Hi,

    ah das macht sinn!
    Ich war wohl schon betriebsblind...
    Werde ich dann gleich mal testen, vielen Dank!
     
  10. Ragripper

    Ragripper New Member

    Hallo Till,
    das war das Problem.
    Vielen Dank für die Unterstützung!
     

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